Typically, one rule has many functions. The following lists help you to find the rule which is appropriate for your task.
This article covers the following topics:
Question 
Rule 

What is the general BIM structure of the file? 

Is there an opening in a wall for every door and window? 

Is the thickness of a wall, slab or roof same as sum of its material layer thicknesses? 

Are windows and doors located in the same floor than a wall they belong to? 

Is the thickness of a wall, slab or roof same as sum of its material layer thicknesses? 

Are windows and doors located in the same floor than a wall they belong to? 

How to find components with very complicated geometry or potential problems with geometry? 

Does the model have walls/slabs/spaces/…? 

Do all walls/slabs/... have a construction type defined? 

Do all walls/spaces/… have a specific property set or property? 

Do specific properties have values in all components? 

Is there a relation (used by downstream applications) between windows/doors and spaces? 
Question 
Rule 

Does the model have gross building areas in each floor? 

Is the net area (sum of space areas) large enough compared to gross area? 

Is the gross area covered with spaces, walls and columns? Is there anything missing? 

Is the external wall area/gross area ratio large enough? 

Are the window area/external wall ratios reasonable in each floor and/or in whole building? 

Are the floor heights consistent in each floor (you can ignore lowest and topmost floors)? 

Is the net area (= total area of spaces) of building the same as required? 
Question 
Rule 

Are space areas within given min/max limits? 

Do all apartments (or other group of spaces) contain required spaces? 

Has the model all spaces required in the room schedule/housing plan? 

How to compare spaces and space areas against the room schedule/housing plan? 

Are space areas aligned with surrounding walls? 

Is the height of spaces at least the minimum value required? 

Do all spaces touch slabs below and/or top themselves? 

Are there walls or columns insides spaces? 

Does number of spaces in each floor match the list of required spaces? 

Does the model have fire compartments? 

Are all spaces included in fire compartments? 

Are the apartments and other space groups correctly modeled? 

Are spaces grouped as required? 

Is there enough windows in certain spaces? 

Is the window area of certain spaces compared to floor area inside given limits (e.g. 10%  25%) ? 

Is the space number unique (according to definition) in each space? 

Are all space identifiers numbers if so defined? 

Does the space numbers in the same floor start with the same number? 

Are space numbers consecutive? 

Is the distance between conference space and restrooms within set bounds? 

Are there noisy rooms close by silent rooms? 

Are floor heights between given limits? 

What is the distance between two parallel bearing wall (length of a hollow slab)? 

Are the space heights in each floor consistent? 
Question 
Rule 

Are the walls/slab thicknesses per type consistent in the model? 

Are the wall heights per type consistent in each floor? 

Are the windows/door widths/heights per type consistent? 

What is the volume of clashes per material type (extra material)? 

Does the model have duplicate columns, walls, doors,... ? 

Does the model have overlapping components? 
Question 
Rules 

Are the window top elevations for all windows consistent in each floor? 

Are the construction types according to a list of approved types? 

Are all walls/slabs/columns/... located at correct layer? 

Are all walls in the model higher than a given limit value? 

Is there a window in the model which has elevation less than a given limit value? 

Are all walls in the model longer than a given limit value? 

Are all window areas in the model larger than a given limit value? 

Are all window areas in the model smaller than a given limit value? 

Are the external walls set in a correct way? 

Are the columns touching a slab, beam, wall or other column underneath? (correct column elevations) 

Are the columns touching a slab, beam, wall or other column on top? (correct column heights) 

Are the beams touching a slab on top? (correct beam profile heights) 

Can similar clash cases be identified to make the fixing easier? 

Are there components inside each others? 

Can severe clashes be identified compared to minor clashes? 

Does the structural model overlap with doors and windows in architectural model? 

Do the HVAC components intersect with components in structural or architectural model? 

Do the cable carries and ventilation channels intersect? 

Is the window or door opening too near wall top? 

Are water taps too far away from the shaft? 

Is the area in front of a door clear? 

Is there a hole too near the end of a beam? 
Question 
Rule 

What are the differences between two model versions of the same design discipline? 

What are the differences in quantities between two model versions of the same design discipline? 

Are openings similarly located in structural and architectural model? 
Question 
Rule 

Is the width of the doors between specific space types large enough? 

Is the height of the doors between specific space types large enough? 

Is the threshold height of the doors between specific space types small enough? 

Is the glazing ratio of the doors between specific space types large enough? 

Is the opening direction of doors between specific space types correct? 

Is there enough space in front of the doors between specific space? 

Is there enough space in side of the doors between specific space? 

Is there enough space in back of the doors between specific space? 

Is the sum of width and height of the free area in front of the door big enough? 

Are the ramps in the model acceptable according the accessibility rules (length/height)? 

Is it always possible to use stairs instead of a ramp? 

Is the width or the free width of the ramps big enough? 

Are there enough free space before and after ramps? 

Are the intermediate landings in ramps long enough? 

Is the width or the free width of the stairs big enough? 

Are there enough free space before and after stairs? 

Is there enough clear area below and/or top of the stairs? 

Are the intermediate landings in stairs long enough? 

Is the number of steps in a stair (in one flight) under the set limit? 

Is the riser height of all stairs inside given limits? 

Is the tread length of all stairs inside given limits? 

Is the sum of tread and two risers inside given limits? 

Is the step nosing length of stairs under the given limit? 

Does the model have stairs with open raisers? 

Does the model have windows in corners? 

Is the window sill height high enough in all spaces of specific types? 

Is there enough free space for turning circle in all bathrooms? 

Is there enough free space in the side of the water closets? 

Are the corridor spaces wide enough? 

Is there an acceptable route out/to the safe place from each space in the model? 

Are there alternative routes to escape from each space? 

Visualize route from each space? 

Is the size of the fire compartment within given bounds? 

Are door and window types matching the walls fire protection class? 
172 Fire Walls Must Have Correct Wall, Door, and Window Types 
Do walls between fire zones have fire protection class? 
172 Fire Walls Must Have Correct Wall, Door, and Window Types 
Are fire protective walls/doors or windows used somewhere else than in fire walls? 
172 Fire Walls Must Have Correct Wall, Door, and Window Types 
Are there empty openings in fire protected walls? 
172 Fire Walls Must Have Correct Wall, Door, and Window Types 